Innovative neuro-developmental theory

Did you know that the development and structure of the brain are not genetically determined?

Even though both genes and experience exert a tremendous influence on the development of the child’s brain, the roles they play are different. Genes are responsible for the so-called base network of nerve connections or the “general plan”.

They are responsible for generating the nerve cells and for general connectivity between the various areas of the brain. Some of them are programmed for specific functions such as breathing or the heart-beat.
However, at the moment of birth, the child’s brain is absolutely infinite and here, experience plays a very significant part.

Most of the 100 billion or so neurons have not yet formed a net as yet and are “waiting” for experiences from the environment to establish their functions. Connections, that is their inclusion into the net, are created via sensual experiences which stimulate the development of the neural connections. It is the creation and strengthening of these neural connections that is of key importance in the early stages of brain development. The brain creates twice as many neural connections as the child needs. If these connections or synapses are used several times in everyday life, they are strengthened; those that are not used simply disappear. Hence, experience plays such a great role in the “writing” of the child’s brain.

The development of brain structures begins in foetal life about three weeks after fertilisation and is at its most intense during the first three years of life. What a child experiences and learns during this time, constitutes his assets or his capital for further learning and development for the rest of his life.

The results of research on early infant brain development have recognised the conditions indispensable for ensuring the optimum conditions for a child’s development until the age of three.
In addition to such basic issues as the child's physical well-being, his safety, proper nutrition, the creation of warm and cordial relations with the child, the acceptance of the child as he is, the positive experiences of the child and the time devoted to him in speaking meaningfully to him as well as reading valuable material and singing, all play a vitally important role.
In devoting our time to a child and in offering him valuable experience of the real world which surrounds him, we build a base which will bear fruit in his future.

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Innovative neuro-developmental theory
Did you know that the development and structure of the brain are not genetically determined?
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